Mystus gulio. Each fish guide has in-depth information including their places of origin, habitats and behaviors as well as the fish care needed for successfully keeping them in the aquarium. More specifically, in long-whiskered catfishes, drumming sounds are used as a threatening signal and stridulations are used as a defense signal. The Mekong giant catfish is one of the most well-known catfish due to its monstrous size. There are also reports in the region of deaths from being swallowed by these fish. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (. [5] As of 2007[update] there are about 36 extant catfish families, and about 3,093 extant species have been described. Neither the armour-plated types nor the naked types have scales. A large amount of the lake has shoreline access and plenty of shoreline suitable for launching kayaks or small jon boats. Wade was of the opinion that the offending fish must have been significantly larger than this to have taken an 18-year-old boy as well as a water buffalo. These plates may be supported by vertebral processes, as in scoloplacids and in Sisor, but the processes never fuse to the plates or form any external armor. Catfish Genus In Guyana. All Rights Reserved. [52], The catfish are a monophyletic group. [30], The occurrence of seminal vesicles, in spite of their interspecific variability in size, gross morphology and function, has not been related to the mode of fertilization. [24] The modification of the anal fin into an intromittent organ (in internal fertilizers) as well as accessory structures of the reproductive apparatus (in both internal and external fertilizers) have been described in species belonging to 11 different families. [29], The anatomical organization of the testis in catfish is variable among the families of catfish, but the majority of them present fringed testis: Ictaluridae, Claridae, Auchenipteridae, Doradidae, Pimelodidae, and Pseudopimelodidae. [36], Catfish are easy to farm in warm climates, leading to inexpensive and safe food at local grocers. For other uses, see, "Kaari" redirects here. Below is a list of family relationships by different authors. Fish Identification: Find Species (See list of species below) Select Class: Myxini Cephalaspidomorphi Elasmobranchii Holocephali Actinopterygii Sarcopterygii [42] Catfish is high in vitamin D.[43] Farm-raised catfish contains low levels of omega-3 fatty acids and a much higher proportion of omega-6 fatty acids.[44]. [48], In Nigeria, catfish is often cooked in a variety of stews. Many catfish have a tapetum lucidum which may help enhance photon capture and increase low-light sensitivity. In some species, the mucus-covered skin is used in cutaneous respiration, where the fish breathes through its skin. Named for their prominent barbels, which resemble a cat's whiskers, catfish range in size and behavior from the three largest species alive, the Mekong giant catfish from Southeast Asia, the wels catfish of Eurasia, and the piraíba of South America, to detritivores (species that eat dead material on the bottom), and even to a tiny parasitic species commonly called the candiru, Vandellia cirrhosa. .mw-parser-output table.clade{border-spacing:0;margin:0;font-size:100%;line-height:100%;border-collapse:separate;width:auto}.mw-parser-output table.clade table.clade{width:100%;line-height:inherit}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-label{width:0.7em;padding:0 0.15em;vertical-align:bottom;text-align:center;border-left:1px solid;border-bottom:1px solid;white-space:nowrap}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-fixed-width{overflow:hidden;text-overflow:ellipsis}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-fixed-width:hover{overflow:visible}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-label.first{border-left:none;border-right:none}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-label.reverse{border-left:none;border-right:1px solid}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel{padding:0 0.15em;vertical-align:top;text-align:center;border-left:1px solid;white-space:nowrap}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel:hover{overflow:visible}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel.last{border-left:none;border-right:none}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel.reverse{border-left:none;border-right:1px solid}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-bar{vertical-align:middle;text-align:left;padding:0 0.5em;position:relative}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-bar.reverse{text-align:right;position:relative}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-leaf{border:0;padding:0;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-leafR{border:0;padding:0;text-align:right}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-leaf.reverse{text-align:right}.mw-parser-output table.clade:hover span.linkA{background-color:yellow}.mw-parser-output table.clade:hover span.linkB{background-color:green}, By information from International Game Fish Association IGFA the most outstanding record:[72], This article is about the animal. Clariidae Exceptions to this are the ariid catfishes, where the young retain yolk sacs late into juvenile stages, and many pimelodids, which may have elongated barbels and fin filaments or coloration patterns. Fish species found throughout Queensland. [42], In Indonesia, catfish is usually served fried or grilled in street stalls called warung and eaten with vegetables and sambal; the dish is called pecel lele or pecak lele. The All Catfish Species Inventory (Order Siluriformes) or “All Catfishes” as it became known, was funded by NSF as Phase I of a PBI of the Otophysi and was completed in 2009. Class: Actinopterygii Order: Siluriformes Family: Clariidae Airbreathing catfishes Genus: Clarias (See list of species below) Many larger catfish also have chemoreceptors across their entire bodies, which means they "taste" anything they touch and "smell" any chemicals in the water. Farm-raised catfish became such a staple of the U.S. diet that President Ronald Reagan established National Catfish Day on 25 June 1987 to recognize "the value of farm-raised catfish. When the muscles relax, the tension in the spring quickly returns the swimbladder to its original position, which produces the sound. [59] In June 2005, researchers named the newest family of catfish, Lacantuniidae, only the third new family of fish distinguished in the last 70 years (others being the coelacanth in 1938 and the megamouth shark in 1983). According to morphological data, Diplomystidae is usually considered to be the earliest branching catfish lineage and the sister group to the other two lineages, Loricarioidei and Siluroidei. [14][15][16][17][18], Most catfish are bottom feeders. In the second type, the oocytes are conveyed to the exterior through the oviduct. The same dish can also be called as lele penyet (squashed catfish) if the fish is lightly squashed along with sambal in the stone mortar. [6], The wels catfish, Silurus glanis, and the much smaller related Aristotle's catfish are the only catfish indigenous to Europe: the former ranging throughout Europe, and the latter restricted to Greece. The catfish are a monophyletic group. [5], The rate of description of new catfish is at an all-time high. Extant catfish species live inland or in coastal waters of every continent except Antarctica. (2007). [7] In some catfish, the skin is covered in bony plates called scutes; some form of body armor appears in various ways within the order. [6], The taxonomy of catfish is quickly changing. Visit us to learn about fish This is supported by molecular evidence. [30] Spermatocysts are formed from cytoplasmic extensions of Sertoli cells; the release of spermatozoa is allowed by breaking of the cyst walls. (2014). Illinois Fish Species List. In loricarioids and in the Asian genus Sisor, the armor is primarily made up of one or more rows of free dermal plates. Mystus wolffii. Nematogenyiidae [5][55][56][57] Many sources do not list the recently revised family Anchariidae. [33], Sound-generating mechanisms are often different between genders. [5] They are most diverse in tropical South America, Asia, and Africa, with one family native to North America and one family in Europe. Between 2003 and 2005, over 100 species have been named, a rate three times faster than that of the past century. [22] This venom is produced by glandular cells in the epidermal tissue covering the spines. Family Bagridae (Old World river catfishes) 31. "In catfish, gustation plays a primary role in the orientation and location of food".   Conorhynchos Cite this website.By accessing this site you agree to our Terms and Conditions of Use. Channel Catfish. Below is a list of popular and common types of catfish, including different aquarium catfish for fish-keepers as well as some species of giant catfish. Heteropneustidae The largest flathead catfish, Pylodictis olivaris, ever caught was in Independence, Kansas, weighing 56 kilograms (123 lb). Our Privacy Policy. Can grow up to 900 mm and 7 kg, however fish over 2 kg are exceptional. In July 2009, a catfish weighing 88 kilograms (194 lb) was caught in the River Ebro, Spain, by an 11-year-old British schoolgirl.[26]. The species list below includes popular catfish varieties as well lesser known species. As a defense, these spines may be locked into place so that they stick outwards, which can inflict severe wounds. In an attempt to help, we present here an introductory guide to catfish families. Species information is provided in one of two formats: a PDF, or a user-friendly species profile with tabbed webpages designed to include photos, sounds, sign, range maps, comments on management and research, and much more. [25], Catfish have one of the greatest ranges in size within a single order of bony fish. Many catfish species have "stings" (actually non-venomous in most cases) embedded behind their fins; thus precautions must be taken when handling them. The descending order of this list loosely corresponds to the availability of the species. [64][65][66] Molecular evidence usually contrasts with this hypothesis, and shows the suborder Loricarioidei as the earliest branching catfish lineage, and sister to a clade that includes the Diplomystidae and Siluroidei. Flathead catfish, Pylodictis olivaris, is also a North American pest on Atlantic slope drainages. [7] Many catfish have a maximum length of under 12 cm. Other catfish commonly found in the aquarium trade are banjo catfish, talking catfish, and long-whiskered catfish. [35] However, in a comparison of a few different species of tropical catfish, some fish put under distress conditions produced a higher intensity of stridulatory sounds than drumming sounds. White catfish lack scales and possess an adipose fin, as well as a single, often serrated spine in the dorsal and pectoral fins. Thus, there is currently both morphological and molecular evidence for a higher-level phylogenetic arrangement of Siluriformes in which Diplomystidae is the earliest branching catfish, sister to a clade including the Loricarioidei and Siluroidei suborders. [30][31], Catfish can produce different types of sounds and also have well-developed auditory reception used to discriminate between sounds with different pitches and velocities. Different fish species can be caught in the different territories and seas of the nation, only founbd waters of the ocean you can catch them from harpooning in addition to fishing with rods.. Heptapteridae Recent image updates; Recent species updates; Shane's World. These fish prefer to be kept in schools of 4 or 5, so make sure your tank is large enough to accommodate that need if you choose this species. Pseudopimelodidae Misbranded food", "Fish Labelling (Amendment) (England) Regulations 2006", "How to cook the irresistible catfish pepper soup", "Checklist of catfish, recent and fossil (Osteichthyes: Siluriformes), and catalogue of siluriform primary types", "Revision of the endemic Malagasy catfish family Anchariidae (Teleostei: Siluriformes), with descriptions of a new genus and three new species", "Neotropical catfish diversity: an historical perspective", "Evolutionary history of Otophysi (Teleostei), a major clade of the modern freshwater fishes: Pangaean origin and Mesozoic radiation", "LSX: Automated reduction of gene-specific lineage evolutionary rate heterogeneity for multi-gene phylogeny inference". Identification information on freshwater fish, features and glossary of fish terms, reef fish guide, shark guide, and deep water fish guide. Loricariidae Pseudomystus leiacanthus. If you have caught a fish and cannot determine what species it is, we can help. Bagridae [5] Their well-developed Weberian apparatus and reduced gas bladder allow for improved hearing as well as sound production. Blue Catfish: Endemic to Mexico and the Southeastern United States, this is the largest species of catfish on the entire North American continent. These juveniles can be readily placed in their families, particularly those with highly derived fin or body shapes; in some cases identification of the genus is possible. Mythology and literature record wels catfish of astounding proportions, yet to be proven scientifically. Skelton, Paul H. and Teugels, Guy G. 1992. [35], Sound production in catfish may also be correlated with fighting and alarm calls. [28], The retina of catfish are composed of single cones and large rods. Trichomycteridae [7] Representatives of at least eight families are hypogean (live underground) with three families that are also troglobitic (inhabiting caves). Species: Channel catfish. The new species in Lacantuniidae, Lacantunia enigmatica, was found in the Lacantun river in the Mexican state of Chiapas.[60]. Astroblepidae The average size of the species is about 1.2–1.6 m (3.9–5.2 ft), and fish more than 2 metres (6.6 ft) are rare. They are typically paired, multi-chambered, and connected with the sperm duct, and have been reported to play a glandular and a storage function. Anchariidae [51], While the vast majority of catfish are harmless to humans, a few species are known to present some risk. [69], Phylogeny of living Siluriformes based on 2017[70] and extinct families based on Nelson, Grande & Wilson 2016. Double cones, though present in most teleosts, are absent from catfish. Finally, the lateral armor of doradids, Sisor, and hoplomyzontines consists of hypertrophied lateral line ossicles with dorsal and ventral lamina. Taxonomy & science news ; African catfishes; Asian … Articles on "catfishology" Articles on geography; Articles on reproduction; Articles on species ; Articles by popularity; Forum. Diplomystidae Native. Freshwater Catfish were formerly very abundant across most of the Murray-Darling Basin in inland NSW. [53] Thus, the actual number of families differs between authors. In several different species of catfish, aggressive sound production occurs during cover site defense or during threats from other fish. [30] In the testes of some species of Siluriformes, organs and structures such as a spermatogenic cranial region and a secretory caudal region are observed, in addition to the presence of seminal vesicles in the caudal region. The NC Wildlife Action Plan also identifies several catfish species as Species of Greatest Conservation Need (SGCN). Several airbreathing catfish (Clariidae) and shark catfish (Pangasiidae) species are heavily cultured in Africa and Asia. [54] There is disagreement on the family status of certain groups; for example, Nelson (2006) lists Auchenoglanididae and Heteropneustidae as separate families, while the All Catfish Species Inventory (ACSI) includes them under other families. endangered and threatened species list. They are the only ostariophysans that have entered freshwater habitats in Madagascar, Australia, and New Guinea. This is supported by molecular evidence. Here is the list of largest species of catfish in the world along with Ictalurus,Sharptooth Catfish,Amur catfish,Niger Catfish,giant Lake Biwa catfish,Indian Catfish and trigger savage catfish. [46][47] In the UK, Vietnamese catfish is sometimes sold as "Vietnamese river cobbler", although more commonly as Basa. Please donate to our monthly hosting costs and keep us free for everyone to enjoy!Explore our YouTube channel, Facebook page or follow us on Twitter. Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. Blue Catfish This type of catfish also has other common names including Mississippi White Catfish, high fin blue and humpback blue, to name a few. They can occasionally grow to 200 kg (440 lbs), as evidenced by numerous catches. Some have a mouth that can expand to a large size and contains no incisiform teeth; catfish generally feed through suction or gulping rather than biting and cutting prey. [33] To create a drumming sound, catfish use an indirect vibration mechanism using a swimbladder. Lacantuniidae is included in the Sullivan scheme based on recent evidence that places it sister to Claroteidae. [7], A flattened head allows for digging through the substrate as well as perhaps serving as a hydrofoil. For an excellent introduction / overview, check out this article, failing all that, try the glossary. [31] The total number of fringes and their length are different in the caudal and cranial portions between species. Cranoglanididae Aspredinidae [6] In numerous catfish species, these fin rays can be used to deliver a stinging protein if the fish is irritated;[21] as many as half of all catfish species may be venomous in this fashion, making the Siluriformes overwhelmingly the vertebrate order with the largest number of venomous species. Kryptoglanidae Catfish are able to produce a variety of sounds for communication that can be classified into two groups: drumming sounds and stridulation sounds. [6] More than half of all catfish species live in the Americas. Exports of one particular shark catfish species from Vietnam, Pangasius bocourti, have met with pressures from the U.S. catfish industry. On the other hand, our understanding of catfish should increase in the next few years due to work by the ACSI. [5] Some of the smallest species of Aspredinidae and Trichomycteridae reach sexual maturity at only 1 centimetre (0.39 in). Catfish species are one of the largest known catfish of freshwater river system,The species of catfish are in the shark catfish family and distributed throughout the river basin of the world. Mochokidae Auchenipteridae [19] Because their barbels and chemoreception are more important in detecting food, the eyes on catfish are generally small. Plotosidae incertae sedis For many species, pigmentation pattern is also similar in juveniles and adults. Piraíba (Brachyplatystoma filamentosum) can grow exceptionally large and are native to the Amazon basin. Scoloplacidae Amblycipitidae [61][62][63][64][65] The three main lineages in Siluriformes are the family Diplomystidae, the denticulate catfish suborder Loricarioidei (which includes the families Nematogenyidae, Trichomycteridae, Callichthyidae, Scoloplacidae, Astroblepidae, and Loricariidae, which is sometimes referred to as the superfamily Loricarioidea), and the suborder Siluroidei, which contains the remaining families of the order. "Alternative life-history strategies of catfishes", 10.1894/0038-4909(2007)52[141:ASCPPC]2.0.CO;2, "New Philippine record of South American sailfin catfishes (Pisces: Loricariidae)". Project aiming to develop a complete taxonomy of catfishes, including discovery and description of many new species. Due to these constraints, some fish may not even be able to produce a specific sound. What is my catfish? These catfish usually are purchased to perform some sort of function in terms of fish tank maintenance. Pangasiidae Austroglanididae Members of the Siluriformes order are defined by features of the skull and swimbladder. Has this page been useful? More topics in this section. It is traditionally served with pasta smothered with curd cheese (túrós csusza). In Malaysia catfish, called ikan keli, is fried with spices or grilled and eaten with tamarind and Thai chillies gravy and also is often eaten with steamed rice. 33. [34] Comparison between families of the same order of catfish demonstrated family and species-specific patterns of vocalization, according to a study by Maria Clara Amorim. The sonic muscles pull the elastic spring forward and extend the swimbladder. About 60% of U.S. farm-raised catfish are grown within a 65-mile (100-km) radius of Belzoni, Mississippi. Migrants from Europe and Africa to the United States brought along this tradition, and in the Southern United States, catfish is an extremely popular food. Examples of catfish too large for home aquariums include the Common Pleco, the Red-Tailed Catfish, the Plecostomus, … "The South American Sailfin Armored Catfish, "Size Structure, Reproductive Phenology, and Sex Ratio of an Exotic Armored Catfish (, "Chemical senses, chemical signals, and feeding behavior in fishes", "Diversity, phylogenetic distribution, and origins of venomous catfishes", "Grizzly Bear-Size Catfish Caught in Thailand", "The eyes of suckermouth armoured catfish (Loricariidae, subfamily Hypostomus): pupil response, lenticular longitudinal spherical aberration and retinal topography", "Reproductive apparatus and gametogenesis of, "Reproduction of the surubim catfish (Pisces, Pimelodidae) in the São Francisco River, Pirapora Region, Minas Gerais, Brazil", "Pond Culture of Channel Catfish in the North Central Region", "'Catfish' bred in Asia move up on U.S. food chain"$, Associated Press via L.A. Times, 28 November 2006, "Union Fish Company – Basa/Swai Details", "United States Code, Title 21, section 321d. Schilbeidae Many of the smaller species, particularly the genus Corydoras, are important in the aquarium hobby. While in the first study this relationship was proposed[53] the "morphological" hypothesis could not be rejected, the new, "molecular" phylogenetic hypothesis was later obtained in numerous other phylogenetic studies based on genetic data. Species List Butterfly ... Singapore Little Warty Catfish. Includes taxonomic information, many images, and profiles of ongoing field and phylogenetic projects. In Central Europe, catfish were often viewed as a delicacy to be enjoyed on feast days and holidays. Catfish are of considerable commercial importance; many of the larger species are farmed or fished for food. [54] This makes the catfish order the second or third most diverse vertebrate order; in fact, 1 out of every 20 vertebrate species is a catfish. [6] Pterygoplichthys species, released by aquarium fishkeepers, have also established feral populations in many warm waters around the world. In many catfish, the humeral process is a bony process extending backward from the pectoral girdle immediately above the base of the pectoral fin. Catfish also have a maxilla reduced to a support for barbels; this means that they are unable to protrude their mouths as other fish such as carp. Haplochromis Scientific name: Corydoras panda Also known as: Panda Catfish, Panda Corydoras Adult size: 2 inches (5 cm) Lifespan: 10+ years Minimum tank size: 10 gallon pH: 6.0–7.0 Hardness: 2–12 degrees dGH Temperature: 68–77 degrees F (20–25 degrees C) Tankmates: Peaceful, compatible with all species, keep in … Vietnamese catfish (Pangasius) cannot be legally marketed as catfish in the United States, and so is referred to as swai or basa[45] Only fish of the family Ictaluridae may be marketed as catfish in the United States. [32] This is a very important fish communication mechanism, especially during agonistic and distress behaviors. Malapteruridae In Myanmar (formally Burma), catfish is usually used in mohinga, a traditional noodle fish soup cooked with lemon grass, ginger, garlic, pepper, banana stem, onions, and other local ingredients. According to Practical Fishkeeping, there are now over 3,000 species of catfish around the world.Depending on the species, catfish can range in size from 1.5 to 2 inches (4 to 5 cm) to hundreds of pounds, like the behemoths on this list.All of the catfish on this list … (2011). In Europe it is often cooked in similar ways to carp, but in the United States it is popularly crumbed with cornmeal and fried. [citation needed]. [34], Catfish also have a sound-generating mechanism in their pectoral fins. The most commonly eaten species in the United States are the channel catfish and the blue catfish, both of which are common in the wild and increasingly widely farmed.
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