EasyEnglish is a system of simple English designed by Wycliffe Associates (UK). To be human is to have enemies. Now it happened afterward that David’s heart troubled him because he had cut Saul’s robe. : Saul simply wanted the same kind of promise from David that he made to Jonathan in 1 Samuel 20:13-16. Some might have said, “David, lay it on the line! Therefore may the LORD reward you with good for what you have done to me this day.”. In that day, when one royal house replaced another it was common for the new royal house to kill all the potential rulers from the old royal house. (24-28) Hannah dedicates Samuel to God’s service. David heaped coals of kindness upon Saul’s head and it melted Saul’s heart. Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. Through this cut robe, God sent a message to Saul. : David’s men were excited at the opportunity and believed it was a gift from God. , with its waterfalls and vegetation seem more like a tropical paradise than the middle of the desert. of The First Book of Samuel, Otherwise Called the First Book of the Kings Commentary by ROBERT JAMIESON CHAPTER 24 1Sa 24:1-7.DAVID IN A CAVE AT ENGEDI CUTS OFF SAUL'S SKIRT, BUT SPARES HIS LIFE. Sometimes when we have a promise from God we think we are justified in sinning to pursue that promise. #In Hebrew texts 24:1-22 is numbered 24:22-23. After whom has the king of Israel come out? During this time Saul and his men fell asleep hard and David’s men caught him and they desired David to kill him. They knew it was no coincidence that Saul came alone into that cave at that moment. You can find the best commentary on 1/2 Samuel … In the middle of barren desert, scouts could easily detect approaching troops. David also arose afterward, went out of the cave, and called out to Saul, saying, “My lord the king!” And when Saul looked behind him, David stooped with his face to the earth, and bowed down. (1 Samuel 24:2). But it was absolutely God’s business to accomplish that and it was the business of no one else. "And Samuel said unto all Israel, Behold, I have hearkened unto your voice in all that ye said unto … , Saul must have heard the Spirit of God speaking loudly in his heart. We wish that the spiritual enemies who pursue us like Saul pursued David would simply give up, and we wouldn’t have to bother with them any more. He is above your criticism or rebuke, so just keep quiet.” Sometimes it is used even to prevent a Biblical evaluation of teaching. Many men in the same situation, would say, “Well, I won’t kill Saul now, but if one of my servants does, what can I do?” and therefore leave the door wide open for Saul to be killed. See the insightful remarks by Stephen B. Chapman, 1 Samuel as Christian Scripture: A Theological Commentary (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2016), 87-89, to which I am indebted. It is easy to imagine how this dialogue could be carried on and David's approach to the king's person could have been effected without arousing suspicion. We need 2 cookies to store this setting. As the proverb of the ancients says, ‘Wickedness proceeds from the wicked.’ But my hand shall not be against you. 2. If David stored up bitterness and anger towards Saul he probably wouldn’t have been able to resist the temptation to kill him at what seemed to be a “risk free” opportunity. 1. You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. a. I know indeed that you shall surely be king: Saul knew it all along (1 Samuel 23:17) but now he really knows it. They were the words of a man who was convicted at merely cutting off a corner of Saul’s robe. And David said to Saul: “Why do you listen to the words of men who say, ‘Indeed David seeks your harm’? Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. Yet you hunt my life to take it. God will fulfill His promises, but He will do it. Verses 1-22. So from one anointed man to another, look at how I just spared your life.” That wasn’t David’s attitude at all. i. The Living Bible gives a good sense of 1 Samuel 24:12: Perhaps the Lord will kill you for what you are trying to do to me, but I will never harm you. 1 Samuel 24:6 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] 1 Samuel 24:6, NIV: "He said to his men, 'The LORD forbid that I should do such a thing to my master, the LORD's anointed, or lay my hand on him; for he is the anointed of the LORD.'" David only cut off the corner of Saul’s robe, yet his heart troubled him. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. My lord the king… David stooped with his face to the earth and bowed twice, : This was great submission to Saul. David Saves the City of Keilah. went . David’s. In fact, it is worse to have this kind of emotional response if it doesn’t result in true repentance. Why do you listen to the words of men: David showed great kindness and tact to Saul. Is this your voice, my son David: Saul responded so emotionally because Saul lived on the delusion that David was out to get him, and David’s refusal to kill Saul when he had the chance proved beyond doubt that this was false. “It was a trifling matter, and yet it seemed dishonouring to God’s anointed king; and as such it hurt David to have done it. Saul must attend to his personal needs at the very moment he passes by the very cave where David hides. Because the robe was a symbol of Saul’s royal authority, and David felt bad – rightly so, according to the heart of God – that he had done anything against Saul’s God appointed authority. 24:1-7 God delivered Saul into David's hand. The men of David said to him: David’s men were excited at the opportunity and believed it was a gift from God. One can still see the good-sized creek flowing down the canyon, making. They thought this was an opportunity from God to kill Saul. This was a great place for David and his men to hide out. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. The improvement of his temper, indeed, was but transient--his language that of a man overwhelmed by the force of impetuous emotions and constrained to admire the conduct, and esteem the character, of one whom he hated and dreaded. In the middle of barren desert, scouts could easily detect approaching troops. Ought we not to make confession and reparation?” (Meyer). a. Tell it like it is!” and David will, to some extent. Then he said to David: “You, more righteous than I; for you have rewarded me with good, whereas I have rewarded you with evil. We put ourselves in a bad place when we make ourselves instruments of God’s judgment. David. iii. It was inevitable that Saul would be judged, and that he would lose the throne. . God instructed Samuel to anoint David, and Samuel has done that, albeit secretly—Saul knows nothing of the anointing (16:1-13). b. Saul went in to attend to his needs: Since the Bible is a real book, dealing with real people living real lives, we aren’t surprised to see it describe Saul’s attention to his personal needs. it by not killing Saul when he had the opportunity. ii. But he also knew it was disobedient of him to kill Saul, because God put Saul in a position of authority and it was God’s job to take care of Saul not David’s. See the insightful remarks by Stephen B. Chapman, 1 Samuel as Christian Scripture: A Theological Commentary (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2016), 87-89, to which I am indebted. David’s men (1 Samuel 24:4), much like Saul (1 Samuel 23:7), discern God’s will on the basis of favorable circumstances: God gives them the opportunity to kill Saul, and thus it must be God’s will for them to do so. 1. : This is a remarkably tender conscience in David. One Step Forward and Two Backward (1 Samuel 27:1-28:2) 25. His soldiers and bodyguards were out of the cave waiting for him. DAVID IN A CAVE AT ENGEDI CUTS OFF SAUL'S SKIRT, BUT SPARES HIS LIFE. 24 And it came to pass, when Saul was returned from following the Philistines, that it was told him, saying, Behold, David is in the wilderness of Engedi. Now it happened, when Saul had returned from following the Philistines, that it was told him, saying, “Take note! The large force he took with him seemed to give him every prospect of success. 1 SAMUEL 24 COMMENTARY EDITED BY GLENN PEASE David Spares Saul's Life 1 After Saul returned from pursuing the Philistines, he was told, "David is in the Desert of En Gedi." David discerns God’s will on principle. “And now I know indeed that you shall surely be king, and that the kingdom of Israel shall be established in your hand. So he came to the sheepfolds by the road, where there, a cave; and Saul went in to attend to his needs. to seek David . These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. 1 After Saul returned from pursuing the Philistines, he was told, “David is in the Desert of En Gedi.” 2 So Saul took three thousand able young men from all Israel and set out to look for David and his men near the Crags of the Wild Goats. 1 Samuel 24:1 In Hebrew texts 24:1-22 is numbered 24:2-23. 1. David didn’t just say, “. 2 Then Saul took three thousand chosen men out of all Israel, and went to seek David and his men upon the rocks of the wild goats. [2] Then Saul took three thousand chosen men out of all Israel, and went to seek David and his men on the rocks of the wild goats. on StudyLight.org Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. 1 Samuel 14:1 "Now it came to pass upon a day, that Jonathan the son of Saul said unto the young man that bare his armor, Come, and let us go over to the Philistines' garrison, that [is] on the other side. f. Therefore let the LORD be judge… and see and plead my case, and deliver me out of your hand: David told Saul, “I’m still trusting God, that He will deliver me out of your hand.” Instead of finding a way out of his trial in the flesh, David did the harder thing – he trusted in God to deliver him instead of trusting in himself. Let the LORD judge between you and me, and let the LORD avenge me on you. ). A. David doesn’t kill Saul when he has the opportunity. Often to them it means: “You should never speak against a pastor or a leader. ii. Click on the different category headings to find out more. Even as Saul made David’s life completely miserable, David kept taking it to the LORD, and he received the cleansing from the hurt and the bitterness and the anger that the LORD can give. For in that I cut off the edge of your robe and did not kill you, know and perceive that there is no evil or rebellion in my hands, and I have not sinned against you, though you are … “Well Saul, we’ve both been anointed to be king. 1 Samuel 24:8-15 . All or most of David’s 600 men could hide in the recesses of the cave. : David didn’t need to do anything more to defend himself before Saul; he referred the matter to the LORD. They knew it was no coincidence that Saul came alone into that cave at that moment. Keith Simons. Rocks— Which the wild goats used to delight in and climb over. : David took a big chance here, because he could simply remain in hiding, secure in the fact that Saul had not found him. 1 Samuel 24:17 - He said to David, 'You are more righteous than I; for you have dealt well with me, while I have dealt wickedly with you. We might think that David had the right to come to Saul as an, . Then the men of David said to him, “This is the day of which the LORD said to you, ‘Behold, I will deliver your enemy into your hand, that you may do to him as it seems good to you.’” And David arose and secretly cut off a corner of Saul’s robe. Emotion that does not lead to action only leads deeper into sin and rebellion.” (Redpath), © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . Finding no safety on the western side of the desert of Judah, where the Ziphites were ever watching his movements, David now boldly crossed this arid waste, and sought shelter in the remarkable oasis … . 8-15. 1 After Saul returned from pursuing the Philistines, he was told, “David is in the Desert of En Gedi.” 2 So Saul took three thousand able young men from all Israel and set out to look for David and his men near the Crags of the Wild Goats. a. (3) Saul unkowingly comes to a cave where David and his men are hiding. Saul is informed that David is at En-gedi, and goes to seek him with three thousand men, Sa1 24:1, Sa1 24:2.He goes into a cave to repose, where David and his men lay hid; who, observing this, exhort David to take away his life: David refuses, and contents himself with privily cutting off Saul's skirt, Sa1 24:3-7. 2. The sheepfolds: This indicates that this was a large cave, big enough to shelter a flock of sheep. Scriptures: 1 Samuel 24:1–22. Or, it may also be that there was enough noise and commotion from the thousands of men outside of the cave along with their horses that David was simply undetectable. But something as basic and common as this was timed and arranged by God, without Saul having any knowledge of God’s timing or arrangement of things. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. Chapter 24 We have hitherto had Saul seeking an opportunity to destroy David, and, to his shame, he could never find it. Then he said to David: “You are more righteous than I; for you have rewarded me with good, whereas I have rewarded you with evil. 1 Samuel 24 Matthew Henry's Commentary. If you do not want that we track your visit to our site you can disable tracking in your browser here: We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. But even as he does he will show mercy and kindness to Saul. Finding no safety on the western side of the desert of Judah, where the Ziphites were ever watching his movements, David now boldly crossed this arid waste, and sought shelter in the remarkable oasis … DAVID SPARES SAUL 'S LIFE IN A CAVE (1 Samuel 24:1-7).. 1 Samuel 24:1. The same narrow natural vaulting at the entrance; the same huge natural chamber in the rock, probably the place where Saul lay down to rest in the heat of the day; the same side vaults, too, where David and his men were concealed. Saul displayed his own fear, paranoia, and jealousy toward David. 3. i. It was an opportunity given to David to exercise faith and patience. Many would only be troubled that they did not take the opportunity to kill Saul.