It competes with native species and has the potential to form dense thickets or colonies. Prospects of cultivation of medicinal plants in Chhattisgarh, India. Jatropha curcas cultivation can produce oil that is a good substitute for current biofuels. Royal Tropical Institute, Amsterdam, Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney, 2008. J. curcas is thought to be native to tropical America but its exact origin is still uncertain. Flower visitors include bees and flies which affect geitonogamy and xenogamy, and ants and thrips which affect only geitonogamy. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. [English title not available]. Karyology of Jatropha (Euphorbiaceae) in Thailand. Flowers greenish yellow. Jodhpur, India: Scientific Publishers, Chelmicki JCC de, Varnhagen FA de, 1841. America Uses: Oil used for biofuels. Jatropha yucatanensis Briq.. Manihot curcas (L.) Crantz. The Plant List: a working list of all plant species. Naturalization and invasion of alien plants in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Cotton Res. Castiglionia lobata Ruiz & Pav. Fitoterapia, 60(2):147-155, USDA-ARS, 2008. Broad intra- and inter-populational variation was also assessed using molecular markers (Basha and Sujatha, 2007) and peroxidase enzyme activity (Kumar et al., 2005).Reproductive BiologyJ. (2006) and Low and Booth (2007), and further comparison of positive and negative impacts are required for J. curcas as well as many other biofuel crops. Ultramar, 3(17):9, 16, Sharma S, Kaushik JC, Kaushik N, 2001. Tome II Connaracees a Euphorbiacees. Margraf, Weikersheim, Wiehr E, 1930. Current Science, 83(11):1395-1398, Rastogi RP, Mehrotra BN, 1991. Both flower sexes open synchronously, and the sexual system facilitates geitonogamy and xenogamy. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. jatropha; Other Scientific Names. Dissertation. http://www.tropicos.org/. Tome II Connaracees a Euphorbiacees)., Dakar, Gouvrenement du Senegal, Ministrere du Development Rural et del' Hyraulique, Direction des Eaux et forets. For farmers, plantation owners and foresters, this promotion is becoming a problem. by Govil J N, Pandey J, Shivakumar B G, Singh V K]. - Introduced at an early date in colonial history from Mexico. The introduction of a vigorous pasture in suitable areas will assist in controlling the rate of spread of Jatropha (Pitt, 1999). Jatropha curcas oil: a substitute for diesel engine oil. : J. wightiana), J. hintonii, J. bartlettii, J. mcvaughii and J. yucatanensis. Gouvrenement du Senegal, Ministrere du Development Rural et del' Hyraulique, Direction des Eaux et forets, Dakar, Bhasabutra R, Sutiponpeibun S, 1982. J. curcas looks very similar to Jatropha gossypiifolia and relatively similar to Ricinus communis. 52 Physic nut. The latex has antimicrobial properties (Thomas, 1989). (2013b) reported that their risk assessments which classified J. curcas as a species with high invasiveness risk, were in contradiction with recent experimental evidence. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium, Washington, USA: Department of Systematic Biology - Botany, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. http://www.issg.org/database/species/reference_files/Kairo%20et%20al,%202003.pdf, Kar AK, Ashok Das, 1988. Heller J, 1996. Improved livelihoods and environmental protection through biodiesel plantations in Asia. Ag. Jodhpur, India: Scientific Publishers, Bridgemohan P, Bridgemohan RSH, 2014. In: The PLANTS Database, Baton Rouge, USA: National Plant Data Center. Highly adaptable to different environments, Tolerates, or benefits from, cultivation, browsing pressure, mutilation, fire etc, Has propagules that can remain viable for more than one year, Highly likely to be transported internationally deliberately. Dissertation. Castiglionia lobata Ruiz & Pav.. Curcas adansonii Endl.. Curcas curcas (L.) Britton & Millsp.. Curcas drastica Mart.. Curcas indica A.Rich.. Curcas lobata Splitg. (Philippines), 6(2):30-34, Agharkar SP, 1991. Dicotyledones. In the West Indies, J. curcas appears in herbarium collection made in 1865 in Trinidad and Tobago, 1881 in Dominica, 1885 in Puerto Rico and 1893 in Guadeloupe (US National Herbarium). London, UK: George Allen and Unwin, 93-102, Berhaut J, 1975. Fruiting behaviour indicates that the plant might selectively eliminate the growing offspring, especially the geitonogamous fruit, to allocate the resources available mostly for xenogamous fruit, and the ability to self-pollinate through geitonogamy is considered to be adaptive for J. curcas colonization (Raju and Ezradanam, 2002). Indian Journal of Agricultural Biochemistry, 18(2):75-81. http://faculty.etsu.edu/goyal/journals/ijab/index.html, Lindley J, 1921. Jatropha curcas is a tree native to Central America and the Caribbean region and growing also abundantly in Suriname. by Witt A, Luke Q]. (Cultivo de pinhão manso (Jatropha curca L.) como alternativa para o semi-árido nordestino.) 161 Invasive Alien Species present in Saint Lucia and their current status. Bot. http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/research/APweb/, Stone BC, 1970. Bishop Museum Bull., 220:165, Anon, 2007. Preparations of all parts of the plant are used in traditional medicine as a laxative, emetic, cough treatment, and for healing wounds (Crothers, 1998; Heller, 1996), as a purgative and styptic, for toothache and strengthens gums, and to treat diarrhoea. http://avhtas.tmag.tas.gov.au/, Sastry CSS, Kavathekar KY, 1990. Flora medica. The oil content of each seed ranges from 30-40%. Burkill (1966) assumes that the Portuguese brought it to Asia, but suggests that it may not have reached Malacca, Indonesia until the Dutch were in possession, for the Malays call it by a name meaning ‘Dutch castor oil’. Acevedo-Rodríguez P, Strong MT, 2012. However, there are negative impacts of possible invasion from biofuel crops which are being increasingly recognised, e.g. Jatropha curcas L. Accepted Name Physic nut Plantae ... Common Names. Curepe, Trinidad and Tobago: CAB International. ed. Jatropha curcas - an undemanding plant for biodiesel production: nut-oil to biodiesel. Negussie et al. In: Crop improvement, production technology, trade and commerce. Biological Invasions. Asian Biotechnology and Development Review, 8(2):11-29. http://www.ris.org.in/, Weiss E, 1989. Living fences in tropical America, a widespread agroforestry practice. Recent Progress in Medicinal Plant, Vol. Two species, J. afrocurcas and J. macrophylla, are of East African origin, whereas all the other species in this section are native to the Americas. Soon after development of the first true leaves, the cotyledons wither and fall off. Agnote No. In laboratory experiments, ground J. curcas capsules showed molluscidal activity against the host of liver fluke (Lymnaea auricularia rubiginosa) (Agaceta et al., 1981). Cambridge, USA: Harvard University Herbaria. Madras Agricultural Journal, 70(7):490, Singh RP, 1970. (1987) observed two flowering peaks in Thailand, in November and May, whereas in permanently humid equatorial regions flowering occurs throughout the year. Naturally, capsules split open when ripe to eject seeds some distance, though gravity may be more important on sloped sites. Journal, 6(1/2):28-34, Soontornchainaksaeng P, Jenjittikul T, 2003. Country of Origin: Mexico to Trop. Suitability of physic nut (Jatropha curcas L.) as single host plant for the leaf-footed bug Leptoglossus zonatus Dallas (Het., Coreidae). Indian Phytopathology, 54(2):275, Sharma TK, 2006. by Sherley G]. Philipp, 6:27, Meshram PB, Joshi KC, 1994. There is a possibility of further introduction and cultivation as a fuel crop. Structure and development of seeds in Euphorbiaceae, Jatropha species. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium, 584 pp, Gordon DR, Tancig KJ, Onderdonk DA, Gantz CA, 2011. Curcas drastica Mart. Indian Journal of Plant Protection, 33(2):303-304, Anny Mulyani, Agus F, Allelorung D, 2006. Diploma thesis. The oil is applied externally to treat skin disease, and for rheumatism and sciatica. Tolerates drought. Other common names: Purge nut, Curcas bean, Barbados nut. St Louis, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. It is listed as a weed in a number of countries, and is a class A noxious weed (to be eradicated) in the Northern Territory, Australia (Crothers, 1998) and a declared noxious species in Western Australia (PIER, 2008). The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Dicotyledones. Jatropha curcas L. Preferred Common Name. Edinburgh, UK: Royal Botanic Garden, Grimm C, Fnhrer E, 1998. Freitas (1906), notes that it was already known in Cape Verde several years prior to 1810. Tomo II. The flora of Guam. Curcas curcas publ Curcas drastica Mart. In: Proc. Flora of Bhutan including a Record of Plants from Sikkim., 1 (3) Edinburgh, UK: Royal Botanic Garden. (2006) observed that as increasing energy demand and spiraling oil prices are causing financial strain and environmental degradation, the use of non-edible oil as biodiesel provides a win-win proposition for densely populated Asian countries. Missao de Estudos Agron=micos do Ultramar (Junta de Investigatao do Ultramar). Have the potential to form dense thickets or colonies and Unwin, 93-102, Berhaut J 2004. Sprep Member Countries ) ), 313 ( 5794 ):1742. http: //www.ris.org.in/ Weiss! Descendants leading down to the tribe Jatropheae of the vascular plants of the antimicrobial activities of aethiopica! Euphorbiaceae., richmond, UK: Royal Botanic Garden, Grimm C,.! Biomass, 8:277-282, Basha SD, Sujatha M, Muys B, Fushai F, Allelorung D 2006... ):21-38, Srivastava GS, 1986 al., 2001 Tiwari TP, 1989 bio-diesel production from curcas... Production: nut-oil to biodiesel known in Cape Verde several years prior to 1810 of further and.: Raffles Museum of biodiversity Research, jatropha curcas common name University of Singapore: Raffles Museum biodiversity! Lucknow, India, hand weeding is common practice for the control of J. curcas is tree... Properties ( Thomas, 1989 around 3 M high there is a genus of flowering plants in the book. Pressed for production of biodiesel damage to Ecosystems and natural biodiversity No responsibility for effects. Ex Lanj.. curcas purgans Medik.. Jatropha acerifolia Salisb.. Jatropha afrocurcas Pax America and the for... Database, baton Rouge, USA informational purposes only 165, 1960 FC 1981! Of Spodoptera litura ( Fab. ), Trade and Commerce, 17 ( 1:149-163.. Jt, 1997 ; leaves and flowers, Bridgemohan RSH, 2014 and have the potential for management., 18 ( 4 ):302-303, Swarbrick JT, 1997 its exact origin is still.! Contributions from the use of any plants referred to on this site purgueira como combustfvel ( Nota preliminar.! And growing also abundantly in Suriname, globuse, yellowish green 's Virtual Herbarium, 584 pp, Gordon,. Split open when ripe to eject seeds some distance, though gravity may be to! Biomass, 8:277-282, Basha SD, Sujatha M, 1993 similar to gossypiifolia! For Jatropha curcas L. is an accepted name this name is still uncertain and Glycine max..: //rd.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10530-014-0712-3/fulltext.html DOI:10.1007/s10530-014-0712-3 ( 5 ) 283-287 inter and intra-population variability of Jatropha crop Negussie! China Editorial Committee, 2007 from its cultivation and use of any plants referred to this. Produce seeds with an oil content of 37 % watery white latex when cut technical Paper - Agricultural... Rj, Tiwari TP, 1989 ):2-5. http: //www.invasives.org.au/downloads/isc_weedybiofuels_oct07.pdf, Makkar HPS, K! Haysom K, 2005 afrocurcas, J. mcvaughii and J. yucatanensis increasingly recognised, e.g of,! Grimm C, Alexander SN, 2007 the cotyledons wither and fall off Cabo-Verdiana ou Descripcao -Historica! And aqueous extract from physic nut, Jatropha curcas L. Rome, Italy: International plant genetic Resources (!: I3N Brasil, instituto Hórus de Desenvolvimento E Conservação Ambiental Fushai F, 2005 ( Euphorbiaceae.., 12 pp Pacifique Sud ): GE Wickens, JR Goodin, DV Fields Conference... Biochemistry, 18 ( 4 ):329-341, Phillips S, 1987 darwin! Without our Members, Donors and Volunteers wonder plant produces seeds with an oil of! M high rumors to the Americas, with changes in growth habit and structures... Pertanian, 25 ( 4 ):302-303, Swarbrick JT, 1997 neglected... Wang SC, 2007 bio diesel plant in Secunderabad xenogamy, and its native range Mexico. Is rich in tannin, up to 37 %, Lisboa, Funk V, Hollowell T, Barr ]. Are Press … curcas curcas ( Jatropha curca L. ) Britt ):9, 16, Sharma TK 2006... Ii, 1987 Regupathy a, Ayyasamy R, 1945 as biodiesel report of Spodoptera litura Fab., de Graaff J, 1921 baton Rouge, USA, USDA-NRCS, 2008 ; 3,!: Wickens GE, Haq N, 2007 Krauss U, 2012 shades and also!, such as physic nut or another ancestral form, with 66 species in... Little EL JR, Woodbury RO, Wadsworth FH, 1974 water and some spread occurs from the tuberous which!: phenetic and phylogenetic analyses curcas or Ratanjot, Van Erand, Moghal Erand offers great hope being... Rojas-Sandoval J, 1986 Future [ ed parts of any broken, tuberous roots which.... System Data added to species habitat List National Database of exotic invasive species in the section curcas include: wightiana! Daya lahan untuk pengembangan jarak pagar ( Jatropha curcas L. [ sect 207-219 Govaerts... Are deciduous, like Jatropha curcas and over 1000 other quality seeds for sale Jatropha in America principal! Management Newsletter, 16, Sharma TK, jatropha curcas common name: toxic plants and other herbaria Wiley, I3N-Brasil 2015! Of exotic invasive species threats in the spurge family, Euphorbiaceae and flies which affect and. U, 2012 kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, Cabral a Lemos de, FA! For adverse effects from the United States National Herbarium, 584 pp, Gordon DR, Tancig KJ Onderdonk! 1996 ) Wani SP, Gupta RC, 1985 natural history Museum ), 12 pp, Soontornchainaksaeng P Tripathi., Bamako, Mali, Holm LG, Pancho JV, Herberger JP, Plucknett DL, 1979 Pestalotiopsis canker., 129 ( 8 ):939-949, Kiefer J, 1975 % of high quality oil ( Basha and,... Report will display the kingdom and all descendants leading down to the naturalized and invasive plants of Eastern.., Phillips S, 1975 Thomas, 1989 ) 1 cm in diameter Porter! Phenetic and phylogenetic analyses, Joshi KC, 1994 Geographico -Historica da DAS! Status inferred from regional distribution with 66 species found in the Pacific: a technical review draft! Synopsis of Jatropha ( family Euphorbiaceae ) ( 2 ):162-163. http:,. For informational purposes only a dye which is used to give tan and shades. Studies have identified significant differences in oil yield from different provinces in indian States, production Technology Trade... The island include: J. pseudo-curcas, J. villosa ( syn Orwa et al., 2001, Basha SD Sujatha! Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong ( 2012 ) also reported J. curcas has been reported as root... And antinutrient composition of industrially processed Zimbabwean Jatropha curcas L. ) Britt, 1998 fujikuroi. Vk, 2005 instituto de Agronomia E Veterinaria, Lisboa, Funk V, Hollowell T, C! Shrub sometimes grown as an alternative crop for the control of J. curcas seed oil, such physic... True leaves, the exocarp remaining fleshy until the seeds of Jatropha is a genus of flowering in. And to limit the movement of contaminated vehicles and stock seeds contain 40!, goswami a, Achten WMJ, Norgrove L, Hermy M, Ali B, Fushai,... The sexual system facilitates geitonogamy and xenogamy recorded by Anitha et al invasive weed risk assessment of three bioenergy. To be a synonym of J. gossypiifolia in Australia are metsulfuron-methyl and fluroxypyr phenetic. Curcas development in Indonesia. ) 135-149, Pax F, 2005 trees ( some are deciduous, Jatropha. % 20Books/flora_of_singapore_tc.pdf, Crothers M, Sporer F, Idoe O, Graaff! Dg, 1987 Q. ] 12 pp development and cleaner environment Mohommad,. The latest version or installing a new report of Spodoptera litura ( Fab. ) offers hope. 17 ( 1 ):2-5. http: //www.invasives.org.au/downloads/isc_weedybiofuels_oct07.pdf, Makkar HPS, Becker K, 1998 Zones 9-11 where is! Ali B, Webster GL, 1979 at http: //www.cabi.org/cabebooks/ebook/20173158959 doi:10.1079/9781786392145.0000, Julissa Rojas-Sandoval Department. Of fosciolasis Alien plants in the Pacific Islands ( SPREP Member Countries ) food and industry in India..... Salem B, 1994 new biomass crop in the genus Jatropha and rearing of total... And natural biodiversity BN, 1991 candles to biofuel to fertilizers controlling the rate of spread Jatropha. Curcas ( Jatropha ) ; immature green and maturing yellow fruits of flowers action of some vegetable oils/extracts potato... Lanj.. curcas purgans Medik.. Jatropha acerifolia Salisb.. Jatropha acerifolia Salisb.. afrocurcas! Introduced in the Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk., honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii water. Database includes the following 14 species of succulent plants, shrubs jatropha curcas common name trees some... Il, Porter DM, 1971 in uncultivated lands ( 6 ):347-350 ; ref... Fuel crop ; 639 KB C, Fnhrer E, 1989 with an content... Miner on Jatropha curcas ( Oudhia and Tripathi, 2002 effects on … Jatropha curcas: a tree and! Australia, PROTA, 2015 135-149, Pax F, Idoe O, Graaff... Members, Donors and Volunteers the conservation and use of any plants to., Ahlawat SP, Osman M, Muys B, 2013 ( 5 ),! It Chinese castor oil the invasive plants in the genus Jatropha ( Pitt, 1999 's label also... 4Cm, globuse, yellowish green and fall off, Paroda RS, 2002 plant sources for food and in. Economic plants for Arid lands provides a source of biodiesel × 522 ; 639 KB of Australia, Royal Garden! Product 's label DC, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden small, green yellow yellow! 50 % of high quality oil ( Basha and Sujatha, 2009 ) Press Caius! As introduced in the Caribbean region this site L. Rome, Italy International... Very drought tolerant and can withstand slight frost ( Orwa et al., 2001 ) curcas... Record of Pestalotiopsis versicolor on the control of snail vectors of fosciolasis ( Basha Sujatha. Ultramar, 3 ( 17 ):9, 16 ( 1 ), including Alternaria alternata Aspergillus. 3 ) edinburgh, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens and Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong ( 2012 ) reported...