The theory behind a keto approach is attractive in its simplicity, and many people are delighted to believe they can, for example, now eat all the chemical-and-hormone–free … Continued Grains Wheat, rye, oats, rice, corn, bulgur, barley, Green leafy vegetables Lettuce, spinach, swiss chard, endives, beet greens, romaine, Cruciferous vegetables Broccoli, cabbage, turnip, brussels sprouts, cauliflower, kohlrabi, bok choy, watercress, collards, kale, mustard greens, rutabaga, Umbelliferous vegetables Celery, parsley, fennel, carrots, parsnip, Allium vegetables Garlic, onion, shallots, chives, leek, Legumes Soybeans, peas, chickpeas, lima beans, peanut, carob, dried beans (kidney, mung, pinto, black-eyed peas), lentils, Solanaceous vegetables Nightshade family: eggplant, tomatoes, Cucurbitaceous vegetables Gourd family: pumpkin, squash, cucumber, muskmelon, watermelon, Isothiocyanates Mustard, horseradish, cruciferous vegetables, Phenolic compounds Garlic, green tea, soybeans, cereal grains, cruciferous, umbelliferous, solanaceous, cucurbitaceous vegetables, licorice root, flax seed, Flavanoids Most fruits and vegetables (cruciferous, garlic, citrus fruits, caraway seeds, umbelliferous, solanaceous, cucurbitaceous vegetables, sage, camphor, dill, basil, mint), Organo-sulfides Garlic, onion, leeks, shallots, cruciferous vegetables, Carotenoids Dark yellow/orange/green vegetables and fruits. Melons, berries, pineapple, bananas, pears and canned or … Vary your diet to include lots of fruits and vegetables, as well as whole grains. One study found activity equal to a 30-minute brisk walk several times a week, improved survival [195]. There’s growing evidence smoking decreases survival for women diagnosed with breast cancer. After a diagnosis of breast cancer, women tend to re-evaluate their nutrition and health practices. Consume at least five servings of fruits and vegetables daily to get the vitamins, minerals, antioxidants and other nutrients your body needs to fight off inflammation and diseases, including cancer. These guidelines include: Fruits, vegetables and whole grains are known to contain phytochemicals with antioxidant, antiestrogen and chemopreventive properties that may prevent cancer. For breast cancer survivors, some healthy behaviors may lower the risk of recurrence and improve survival. Follow the Johns Hopkins Breast Center on Facebook for news, updates, hope and support. Eat a balanced diet. Some studies have found a diet high in soy may decrease the risk of breast cancer recurrence and breast cancer mortality (death from breast cancer) [178-180]. Eating a balanced diet is sensible advice for anyone, but it is even more important if you've been diagnosed with cancer. Plus, eating a variety of healthy foods can help prevent weight gain and decrease body fat. For example, apples, oranges, and mangoes are high in Vitamin C. Click here to subscribe to the Breast Cancer News Newsletter! Fat Intake Recommendations. Women diagnosed with breast cancer may want to consider avoiding alcohol. Avoid inactivity and return to normal daily activity as soon as possible after diagnosis, Aim for at least 150 minutes of exercise per week, Do strength training exercises at least twice a week, 11 percent lower risk of breast cancer mortality, 24 percent lower risk of overall mortality, Breast cancer-specific mortality (death from breast cancer). A study of more than 3,000 breast cancer survivors found those with higher blood levels of carotenoids had better disease-free survival (survival without a breast cancer recurrence) than those with lower levels [167]. Salmon, tuna, and sardines are not only stellar sources of fatigue-fighting protein but … Eat at least 2 ½ cups of fruits and vegetables every day. Learn more about the best cancer-fighting foods here. © The Johns Hopkins University, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, and Johns Hopkins Health System. BMI includes a measure of height and weight. The best choices are fruit that is refreshing, easy to eat and high in water content. Please call 410-955-6716 for an appointment. Fatty fish. These include carotenoids, dietary fat and soy (see below). Breast cancer survivors are defined in the report as women who have received a diagnosis of breast cancer – from the point of diagnosis, through and after treatment. Most studies looking at soy and breast cancer have focused on soy foods rather than soy supplements [178-182]. The bottom-line message for breast cancer survivors, Dr. Elena concluded, is “Move as often as you can, when you can.” < Older Post. Healthy Body Weight. Here, the … Request an appointment with the Breast Center at Johns Hopkins. Calculate your recommended daily calorie intake: Women who are overweight or obese have higher levels of circulating estrogen than women at their ideal body weight. The Best Foods to Eat for Estrogen Receptor-Positive Breast Cancer | Livestrong.com An anti-cancer diet consists of: Lowering your toxin intake. Achieve and maintain a healthy weight. Most women believe they must make significant dietary changes to ensure good outcomes following breast cancer treatment. For more information on weight control and exercise, visit the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Stopping smoking, or never starting to smoke, is one of the best things you can do for your health. Make an appointment at one of our convenient Baltimore area locations: There are no food or dietary supplements that will act as “magic bullets” to prevent breast cancer from returning. Questions remain about study findings. Breast cancer survivors. Findings from the Women’s Intervention Nutrition Study showed reducing dietary fat intake may improve disease-free survival (survival without a breast cancer recurrence) [172]. Carrots give chemo a boost. Read our perspective on soy and breast cancer(April 2015).*. Some findings suggest drinking alcohol may increase the risk of [185]: Other studies show no increased risk of death from breast cancer or any cause for survivors who drink alcohol [185-190]. It helps in the absorption of calcium in the body. Fresh fruits and vegetables may help prevent breast cancer. Increase your intake of poultry, fish and vegetarian proteins (legumes and lentils). Coffee. A BMI chart can help you quickly calculate your own BMI, which is based on height and weight. We recommend that you: How to calculate your ideal body weight and daily fat and calorie needs: 1. Newer Post > Updated Nutrition Facts Label Reflects Science on Diet and Health, including Cancer. Please continue to call your providers with health concerns. Making healthy choices can be physically and mentally rewarding at any age. The American Cancer Society recommends breast cancer survivors [145]: A meta-analysis that combined the findings from 16 studies showed breast cancer survivors who got this recommended 150 minutes of exercise per week had an [197]: For a summary of research studies on physical activity and breast cancer survival, visit the Breast Cancer Research Studies section. Read our perspective on smoking and breast cancer(October 2012).*. For example, 1 MET hour is the energy used to sit quietly for 1 hour, but walking for 1 hour scores from 2 ½ to 4 ½ MET hours (depending on how quickly you walk). Maintaining a healthy weight is one of the best things you can do for your health. The first 5 feet of your height = 100 pounds, Add 5 pounds for each additional inch in height, To determine the rest of the ideal body weight, multiply 4.5 inches by 5 pounds = 22.5 pounds, A person 5 foot 4 1/2 inches tall has an ideal body weight of 122.5 pounds: 100 + (4.5 x 5) = 122.5 pounds IBW, Small frame: Subtract 10 percent from IBW = 110.25 pounds, Medium frame: Use IBW formula only = 122.5 pounds, Large frame: Add 10 percent to IBW = 134.75 pounds, Your IBW x 10 x activity factor = your daily calorie intake, Using 30 percent of calories coming from fat: Multiply your calculated number of calories x 0.3 = percentage calories coming from fat, Divide this answer by 9 = grams of fat needed per day. As one of the best preventative measures known to doctors and nutritionists today, a robust, cancer-fighting diet is vital to your personal plan for breast cancer prevention. Isolates, like pure vitamin A, can only be created in a lab. For breast cancer survivors, it can also [15-20,139-142,136-138,201-204]: Read our perspective on physical activity andbreast cancer survival(December 2010).*. Request your next appointment through MyChart! Adding the MET scores of different activities gives a total number of MET hours. Eating a well-balanced diet during and after cancer treatment can help you feel better, maintain your strength, and speed your recovery. What do I eat before going to chemotherapy? For example, women who regularly eat soy tend to be healthier than those who don’t, which may account for the benefits shown in studies [179]. PSMA PET-CT Accurately Detects Prostate Cancer Spread, Trial Shows . According to the American Cancer Society, the average risk of a woman in the U.S. developing breast cancer at some point in her life is 12 percent.Although many risk factors for breast cancer are out of your control, such as genetic factors (like having the BRCA1 or 2 genes), there is evidence to support that a healthy lifestyle that includes exercise and a nutrient-dense diet may affect … They are rich in dietary fiber, vitamins, minerals, and phytonutrients. 2021, Pages 51-61. One study found breast cancer mortality (death from breast cancer) and overall mortality (death from any cause) were the same for survivors with a high dietary intake of carotenoids as for those with a low dietary intake [168]. So, soy supplements are not currently recommended for breast cancer survivors. *Please note, the information provided within Komen Perspectives articles is only current as of the date of posting. Sheryl Crow's After-Cancer Diet. Other studies have found no difference in survival after a breast cancer diagnosis for women who eat a diet low in fat compared to those who eat a diet high in fat [174-177]. Some lab studies of cells have shown soy protein isolates may increase cancer growth [183]. Being overweight or obese (and weight gain) after a breast cancer diagnosis decreases survival [155-160]. The research on soy foods and breast cancer has found that eating 1 or 2 half-cup servings each day can be protective. At this time, we don’t fully understand how diet affects survival after breast cancer. Extensive research has been conducted at Johns Hopkins Medicine regarding the nutritional value of broccoli sprouts. A U-M cancer researcher looks at the five most popular diets today that include the nutrients known to help reduce a person’s risk of getting cancer or prevent a recurrence. However, soy is not recommended as a way to lower the risk of breast cancer recurrence. Cruciferous vegetables (think broccoli, cauliflower, kale, bok choy, arugula, … Click here to subscribe to the Breast Cancer News Newsletter! Fatigue (Feeling Tired) Ask for Help. What support have you found especially helpful? Increasingly common, and increasingly worrisome, are certain online sites and providers that are aggressively promoting a ketogenic diet for breast cancer patients and others with a cancer diagnosis. You can reduce your chances of developing cancer and several chronic diseases by making healthy food choices. https://www.healthline.com/health/metastatic-breast-cancer/nutrition Fresh and processed meats, cheese, eggs, sugary food, soft drinks, and grains are acid-producing foods. Carrots should be a staple in every diet for cancer patients. Calculate your ideal body weight (IBW) using your height in inches. We recommend five or more servings of fruit and vegetables daily. Many epidemiologic studies have shown that people who eat diets rich in fruits and vegetables and sparse in meat and animal fat have lower rates of some cancers, including lung, breast, colon and stomach cancers. Contact us or find a patient care location. So, BMI is better than weight alone when making comparisons. A healthy diet will not only help prevent breast cancer, it can also improve your chances of survival. Note that weight gain during aromatase inhibitor treatment has been found to be associated with less favorable prognosis. Fresh fruit. For smokers, it’s never too late to benefit from quitting. Cancer Fighting Recipe of the Week: Week 3. EIN 75-1835298. For more information about diet and nutrition during cancer treatment, click here: Diet & Nutrition During Cancer Treatment. Notice of Privacy Practices(Patients & Health Plan Members). Limit red meat and processed meat. In recent decades, progress in the early detection and treatment of cancer has led to a dramatic increase in the number of cancer survivors, defined as all people who have been diagnosed with cancer, including before, during and after treatment. View available downloads. Patients who reported taking any antioxidant - vitamins A, C, E and carotenoids and Coenyzme Q10 - were 41 percent more likely to have their breast cancer return when they … In the battle against breast cancer, ellagic acid may be one of your best dietary weapons. There's also no good research that shows that any eating plan, like a vegetarian diet, for example, can lower the chance of cancer coming back. Eating a balanced diet is sensible advice for anyone, but it is even more important if you've been diagnosed with cancer. These foods may help prevent cancer and promote general health. Carotenoids are natural orange-red food pigments found in foods such as carrots, sweet potatoes, squash and melons. It also provides an interesting slant that plant-based diets may not just be useful for cancer prevention but also can be a treatment by itself and to make cancer treatment with lexatumumab more effective. Did you know that incorporating certain foods into your diet may help prevent breast cancer naturally? Fatty fish, including salmon, sardines, and mackerel, are known for their impressive health … Fruits/Vegetables Berries, apples, cauliflower, broccoli, beans, and carrots are some of the best ones to add to your diet. The best foods for breast health are those that supply ample nutrients, while fighting disease and promoting overall wellness. Therefore, some information may be out of date. Others may not impact breast cancer survival, but are part of a lifestyle that may help protect against other cancers and diseases. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. Diet for Cancer Patients During Chemotherapy. For an individualized weight management consultation, you may wish to meet privately with one of our expert physicians at Green Spring Station who specialize in this area. Because soy supplements are created in a lab, they may contain individual soy protein isolates. Here, the five life-changing habits everyone should steal. These are found in foods such as red meat, fatty deli meats, poultry skin, full fat dairy, fried foods, margarine, donuts and microwave popcorn. Nutritionists at Johns Hopkins can help guide you toward a healthy eating plan that’s right for you. Enter the last name, specialty or keyword for your search below. For a summary of research studies on smoking and breast cancer survival, visit the Breast Cancer Research Studies section. This study provides more evidence that a plant-based diet is best for cancer patients. An explanation: Plants produce many phytochemicals (literally, plant chemicals) that may protect cells from damage. Basil Broccoi. Controversy exists on the role of dietary fat on the promotion of breast cancer. Studies also show weight-lifting (moderate, in a supervised setting) can reduce symptoms in survivors with lymphedema, as well as improve body image, sexuality and physical strength [39,46-49]. We suggest that estrogen sensitive breast cancer patients and survivors to eat a wide variety of the foods from our recommended list and limit or avoid those on our avoid list, in addition to paying particular attention to the foods, spices and supplements on the lists above. For example: A person is 5 foot, 4 1/2 inches tall. "Some breast cancer survivors had highly acidic diets, but if they were past smokers with a long history of high intensity smoking, their risk was three times higher than those who never smoked." It's true plant-based foods, such as fruits, vegetables, legumes, nuts and whole grains, are packed with nutrition. It helps you maintain a healthy weight and lowers your risk of heart disease, stroke and diabetes [193,200]. Nevertheless, there is strong evidence that a plant-based diet cuts the risk of cancer overall. Whether you're crossing the country or the globe, we make it easy to access world-class care at Johns Hopkins. When you are faced with a breast cancer diagnosis, nutrition can be an important part of your journey. Recommended From NCI. Cruciferous Vegetables. For cancer survivors who have a reduced capacity to process such foods … They’re loaded with minerals, vitamins, and antioxidants. Outside of Maryland (toll free)410-464-6713Request an AppointmentMedical Concierge Services, International Patients+1-410-502-7683Request an AppointmentMedical Concierge Services. Sheryl Crow's After-Cancer Diet. The more energy an activity needs, the higher its MET score. Weight gain after breast cancer diagnosis may increase the risk of [155,161-163]. The Best Diets for Cancer Patients and Cancer Survivors Rene Wisely. Here's what you should be eating. PSMA PET-CT Accurately Detects Prostate Cancer Spread, Trial Shows . Data on dietary intake of carotenoids and survival among breast cancer survivors are limited. Read Johns Hopkins Cancer Survivorship Blog, Learn About our One-Day Multidisciplinary Clinic, Read Breast Cancer Treatment and Research News in, Follow the Johns Hopkins Breast Center on Facebook, Learn more about breast cancer research and treatment, Minimize intake of cured, pickled and smoked foods, Limit the intake of highly saturated foods such as beef, lamb, organ meats, cheeses, cream, butter, ice cream, Decrease food containing trans fatty acids, such as commercially prepared baked goods, crackers and margarine. Aim for at least 2 liters to 3 liters of fluid per day — about 66 ounces to 99 ounces — mostly from caffeine-free fluids. Controversy exists on the role of dietary fat on the promotion of breast cancer. We provide weight loss counseling that focuses on healthy eating tips and behavior modifications that will provide long term results. Take on less. The risk of heart disease goes down very quickly after stopping smoking. Learn about our expanded patient care options, visitor guidelines and COVID-19 vaccine information. These are found in foods such as olive and canola oil, nuts and natural nut butters, avocado and olives. Many carotenoids, such as beta-carotene, are antioxidants and can be converted into vitamin A in the body. More information is available at  hopkinsmedicine.org/weightloss or please call 410-583-LOSE. Author links open overlay panel Karla Otero MS, RDN, LDN, CSO, CDE Claudia Ferri MS, RD, CSO, LDN Carla Araya MPH, RDN, LDN. For the report, the global scientific research on diet, weight, physical activity and female breast cancer survivors was gathered and analysed, and then independently assessed Consumption of at least five vegetables/fruits per day plus regular exercise has been found to be associated with lower risk of metastasis of ER+/PR+ breast cancer. Here are the must-eat components of a breast cancer survivor's diet. It found women who ate at least 10 mg of soy per day after a breast cancer diagnosis had a 25 percent lower risk of recurrence compared to those eating less than 4 mg per day [179]. And research has also shown that eating lots of them is linked with lower cancer rates. The singer-songwriter's breast cancer diagnosis five years ago transformed her approach to healthy eating. Calculate your BMI or find your BMI in a table. Survivors who are overweight or obese should limit high-calorie foods and beverages and increase physical activity to help with weight loss. Other Ways to Increase Effectiveness of An Anti-Cancer Diet 1. How diet, nutrition and physical activity affect breast cancer survival. Findings are mixed. It is important for hormone receptor positive breast cancer patients and survivors to eat a wide variety of the foods from our recommended list and limit or avoid those on our avoid list, in addition to paying particular attention to the foods, spices and supplements on the lists above. Omega-3s have been shown to preserve muscle mass and function in chemotherapy cancer patients and to contribute to a reduced inflammatory response resulting from the treatment’s toxicity. Cereal grains, like rice and millet, make up 40 to 60 percent of the diet, while vegetables and legumes split the rest. Women in this study who reduced their fat intake also lost weight, which may have played a role in their improved survival [172]. visit the Breast Cancer Research Studies section, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, ways for breast cancer survivors to treat hot flashes and other menopausal symptoms, www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/tobacco/smoking, Breast cancer mortality (death from breast cancer), Overall mortality (death from any cause, not necessarily breast cancer), Endometrial (lining of the uterus) cancer. These foods are also naturally low in calories to help you maintain a healthy weight. Overweight or obese are defined by body mass index (BMI) that is greater than 25 or 30, respectively. At this time, research does not show organic foods are more nutritious or better for your health than foods farmed by conventional methods [145]. While many natural things contain vitamin A, pure vitamin A (alone) does not appear in nature. Breast cancer survivors can benefit from the same healthy diet recommended for everyone [154]. Getting to a healthy weight. Eat “good” fats (polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats). Fruits and vegetables. Choose chicken, fish or beans more often. Research shows that the best formula for staving off another bout of cancer is proper nutrition combined with weight control and exercise. Now is the time to take charge of your health, focus on wellness, and swear off unhealthy habits, such as fast foods and a sedentary lifestyle. Broccoli, cabbage, collard greens, kale, cauliflower and Brussels sprouts are all cruciferous vegetables. This might be important for anyone who is trying to reduce the risk of a future recurrence of a hormone-responsive cancer, even after they have been treated for cancer. This diet (outlined below) promotes overall health and may help protect against different types of cancer and other diseases [154,166]. Eat a variety of fresh fruits and vegetables to get the vitamins and minerals your body needs. Nutrition for Breast Cancer Patients and Survivors. Research suggests that diet and physical activity are important risk factors, and one-third of the breast cancer cases could be prevented by lifestyle intervention. We talked with dietitian Anna Taylor, RD, who offered these four diet tips for those undergoing cancer treatment: Stay hydrated. Cruciferous vegetables (broccoli, cauliflower, kale, cabbage and brussel sprouts) are especially rich in phytochemicals. Chapter 5 - Nutritional Rehabilitation of Breast and Gynecologic Cancer Patients. Researchers are studying whether eating a low-fat diet after a breast cancer diagnosis improves survival. Research has suggested that these fatty acids may inhibit the growth of breast tumors. Diet is thought to be partly responsible for about 30% to 40% of all cancers, but diet alone is unlikely to be the “cause” or “cure” of cancer. Cancer-fighting foods include apples, berries, and fatty fish. Read Komen’s perspective on body weight andbreast cancer survival(September 2011).*. Read our perspective on alcohol and breast cancer(March 2011).*. And, over time, the risk of lung and other cancers can drop to near that of someone who never smoked [206]. Talk with your health care provider about ways to quit. Daily fiber intake should be 25 to 30 grams of insoluble and soluble fiber. For people ages 20 and older, weight status categories are: After treatment for breast cancer, being overweight or obese increases the risk of [155-160]: For a summary of research studies on body weight and breast cancer survival, visit the Breast Cancer Research Studies section. For a summary of research studies on dietary fat and breast cancer survival, visit the Breast Cancer Research Studies section. Learn more about the importance of good nutrition during and after cancer treatment here. Limit alcohol intake to less than 1 drink a day for women and fewer than 2 drinks a day for men. Current studies suggest eating moderate amounts of soy foods is safe for breast cancer survivors [178-180]. Increasing your intake of fish to 3 times per week will increase omega-3-polyunsaturated fat intake. Program helps breast cancer patients reduce risk of heart disease Oct. 29, 2020 04:06. Patients who reported taking any antioxidant - vitamins A, C, E and carotenoids and Coenyzme Q10 - were 41 percent more likely to have their breast cancer return when they … Nutrition is an important part of cancer treatment. Get enough calories. Many studies have demonstrated an association between body mass index and breast cancer in postmenopausal women. Eat healthy foods, avoiding greasy and fried foods. We will showcase a list of foods for cancer patients to eat as well as cancer diet recipes. In the lab, researchers can separate soy proteins into individual compounds, called isolates. With treatment completed, you no doubt want to put cancer behind you and resume a more normal life. Some animal studies and epidemiological data have suggested that the type of fat consumed may initiate the development of breast cancer. However, a healthy diet is only one of several factors that can affect the immune system; exercise and stress management are just as important in improving your overall health and well being. This is similar to other supplements such as vitamin A. Cancer diets are wide-ranging and, like any diet, success depends on you. For a summary of research studies on alcohol and breast cancer survival, visit the Breast Cancer Research Studies section. It is recommended that you eat lightly on your chemotherapy day. Researchers can study carotenoids by measuring levels of carotenoids in the blood or through a person’s diet. Eating the right kinds of foods during and after treatment can help you feel better and stay stronger. Eat a diet rich in whole grains, vegetables, fruits, and beans. Avoid skipping meals on these days and eating fatty, greasy or spicy foods. Some studies have found a diet high in soy may decrease the risk of breast cancer recurrence and breast cancer mortality (death from breast cancer) [ 178-180 ]. In recent decades, progress in the early detection and treatment of cancer has led to a dramatic increase in the number of cancer survivors, defined as all people who have been diagnosed with cancer, including before, during and after treatment. A pooled analysis that combined data from over 13,000 breast cancer survivors found those who were more active had better survival [139]. … Certain foods and spices have been shown to be especially effective in inhibiting ER+/PR+ cell growth and proliferation and promoting apoptotic cell death. 3. Eating small portions slowly and every few hours seem to work best. Limit “bad” fats (saturated and trans fats). While there are many benefits to eating well, the data are mixed on whether diet alone can prevent certain cancers from returning. After talking with your health care provider, make informed choices about drinking low to moderate amounts of alcohol. All rights reserved. A diet rich in plant foods, whole grains and legumes can give your body the range of vitamins, minerals and antioxidants it needs to stay healthy. Survival rates vary for different cancers but are highest for colorectal, prostate, melanoma, endometrial and breast cancers. Dietary guidelines suggest that a woman consume no more than one drink per day. Fill up on fruits and vegetables. However, after recovery from breast surgery, arm exercises (such as weight-lifting) don’t appear to increase the risk of lymphedema [39,44-46]. 1-877-465-66361-877 GO KOMEN, For breast health or breast cancer information, please call the Breast Care Helpline: 1-877-465-6636 or helpline@komen.org, For clinical trial information, please call the Clinical Trial Information Helpline: 1-877-465-6636 or clinicaltrialinfo@komen.org, © 2021 Susan G. Komen is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization. We recommend weight reduction by diet modification first, followed by the introduction of exercise. Eggs. How do I make the best food choices throughout cancer treatment? Findings from the Women’s Health Initiative study showed reducing dietary fat increased overall survival in women diagnosed with breast cancer [173]. Note that weight gain during aromatase inhibitor treatment has been found to be associated with less favorable prognosis. Lower Your Toxin Load. Being physically active is one of the best things you can do for your health. The U.S. Institute of Medicine says women should aim for 425 milligrams per day; there are 126 milligrams in a large egg. The crunchy seeds of a pomegranate (also referred to as arils) are well endowed with ellagic acid, a potent antioxidant… Try to eat at least 2 1/2 cups of fruits and vegetables a day. Talk with your health care provider before starting an exercise program to manage lymphedema. Plant-Based Diets for Cancer Treatment. A healthy diet helps you stay strong and feeling well while you treat metastatic breast cancer. Ultimately, a cancer diet plan should be a decision reached between you and a qualified health care professional. In general, fruits and vegetables are the best sources of carotenoids (rather than supplements) and are part of a healthy diet. Vegetables, fruits, vegetables, fruits, vegetables and whole grains cancer causing compounds in development... 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